It is a sideways curvature of the spine that is most commonly found in the thoracic (thoracic) and/or lumbar (lumbar) regions. It can occur alone or in conjunction with kyphosis (hunchback; an irregular back-to-front curve) (kyphoscoliosis). In a scoliotic spine, the vertebrae (the bones that make up the spine), which normally lie straight from top to bottom, twist to the right, left, and/or around their own axis.
The disease is much more common in girls. Especially scoliosis exceeding 30 degrees is ten times more common in girls than in boys. Although the exact number is not known, it is thought that there are approximately 2.5 million scoliosis patients in Turkey.
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine in the back or lumbar regions. Sometimes it is accompanied by an increase in the hump in the back or hollowing in the waist. The cause of scoliosis can be due to many different reasons. It can be congenital, spastic children, idiopathic (of unknown cause) due to infection or tumor. Familial predisposition is present in all idiopathic cases.